79% of respondents said they would report being raped to the police which is a much higher percentage than actual reporting rates. The survey results help explain this gap.
40% of women respondents have been in a situation where they could have been made to have sex they didn't want compared to 20% of men.
23% of the women reported that they had been made to have sex they didn't want compared to 15% of men. Yet the survey found that men take more safety risks than women take.
26% of men have been so drunk they lost their memory. This means that taking safety risks alone doesn't increase sexual violence victimization. College men have become so intoxicated that they have fallen in rivers and drowned, with the latest case I'm aware of happening earlier this month in La Crosse, WS. Other boys and men have died from a mix of alcohol consumption and hypothermia, including a 15 year old boy who was found in a snowbank by his father.
If these men and boys were viewed in the same way as girls and women are routinely viewed when someone rapes them while they are under the influence, the response to these deaths would include "What did they expect?" and far worse.
This level of vulnerability makes these boys and men easy targets for sex offenders. The difference in sexual victimization comes down to who sex offenders try to rape and under what circumstances.
This contrasting risk taking and sexual victimization means that victim behavior prior to rape cannot be accurately viewed as being responsible for rape.
This second rate doesn't specify the gender of the person who made men have sex they didn't want, but some of these men would have been made to have sex by women which means that men who shrug off women's attitudes as not affecting them may discover firsthand that they are wrong. Because some men commit sexual violence against other men, those men who shrug off other men's attitudes may also discover firsthand that they are wrong in feeling safe.
Despite these high numbers of unwanted sexual experiences, 18% of respondents agreed with the statement, "most claims of rape are probably not true" with 27% of the men surveyed agreeing with this statement while 14% of women agreed.
That bias mixed with other attitudes measured in this report is key for understanding the gap between people's belief that they would report and the actual rate of reporting. The reasons these people dismiss most reports of rape can make those same people who believe they would report being raped decide that reporting will subject them to the assumption that their truthful report is probably false.
18% of respondents do not know whether it is rape when a man in a committed relationship makes his partner have sex that partner doesn't want and 10% believe this is not rape. When you add these numbers to the rates at which people believe victims should take responsibility, many people are fine with supporting a rapist-friendly environment and many people are likely to make a false accusation against someone who was raped and who reported that rape truthfully.
Too often genuine consent is viewed as optional. Instead what many people seem to believe in is setting a tolerable level and context for non-consent.
Besides the most common actions which people view as making someone responsible for being raped, 14% of respondents blamed victims for their rapes if they kissed the person prior to being raped and 13% blamed victims who accepted a drink and engaged in a conversation prior to being raped. This means that a large number of women behaving as expected on a first date will be blamed if their date sexually assaults them. A goodnight kiss can become incitement of rape. Those who accept this are the ones who share responsibility when rapists act according to their beliefs.
Combine all these attitudes and nobody needs to wonder why the conviction rate is appallingly low and why the frequency of sexual violence is appallingly high.
The way to reduce the frequency of people willing or trying to commit sexual violence is rooted in getting people who don't consider themselves to be part of the problem to understand that general attitudes either support or undermine sexual violence.